Roman ImperialThe Marsic Confederation consisted of the following regions, Frentani, Marsi, Marrucini, Peligni, Piceni, Samnium, Vestini, and Lucani. Most of these provinces were located in the state of modern day Abruzzo (50 miles East of Rome) with the exception of Lucani which is a little further south. Being allies of Rome, the residents of the confederation were not permitted to become citizens of Rome as ordered by the Roman Senate, which caused a stir among them. Being denied full citizenship to Rome, the rebels intended to form a republic known as "Italia", and soon "The Bellum Sociale" or "Social War" broke out between 91-88 BC. During this period Italia struck its own coinage in opposition to the Romans who had held a monopoly on coinage at the time. The Romans eventually went to war with the insurgents and defeated them in battle and it's unclear when the war ended. Despite the loss, the concept of Italia was not forgotten as Rome eventually welcomed the defeated people as full citizens and unified Italy as a whole. The coin we are offering is deeply toned with a slightly glossy charcoal patina and a slight bluish tinge. Some other colors on the reverse appear which are slightly lighter in terms of patina as is the patina. Only a few of the highest points show any evidence of cabinet friction and the coin appears uniform in term of eye-appeal. The obverse depicts the effigy of a woman with the legends reading ITALIA and the reverse depicts a soldier holding a spear with a bull that is sitting.
Roman ImperialThis Denarius was struck under the rule of Gordian I and Gordian II. A father and son duo whose reign as co-Emperors lasted for a period of less than a month. Gordian I and Gordian II were requested to be Emperors of an area near Carthage by the landowners themselves who had rebelled against Roman Emperor Maximinus Thrax. Maximinus was unjustly and unfairly taxing landowners in Numidia through his loyal governor Capelianus. When Gordian I became Emperor, he expelled Capelianus as Governor of Numidia, Capelianus still remained in North Africa with his armies after the expulsion and still swore allegiance to Maximinus. Gordian I and Caplianus had a history of deep disdain for each other because of a prior lawsuit in Rome involving the two men. Brewing tensions between Maximinus and the Gordians spurned the Battle of Carthage in 238 AD. The Gordians formed a militia of local men, headed by Gordian II, to wage war against against Capelianus. Gordian II led an untrained army to fight Capelianus and was killed during this mismatched battle. Gordian I, learned of his sons untimely demise in battle and hung himself. Thus ending their short rule. The coins struck under Gordian I and II are renowned for their exceptional life-like looking portraits. This specific example is boldly struck up, well centered, with faint highlights of tones within the legends, and lustrous surfaces that showcase a bold striking.
Roman ImperialLight ambers, ruby reds, and turquoise blues are mixed in within silvered grey surfaces creating very pleasing eye-appeal. Constantinople, rv emperor hldg globe
Roman ImperialAs noted by NGC the impression of the strike is above average. The obverse fully displays the life like effigy and the legends clearly. Patina is slightly greenish, which is expected and exhibits a touch of gloss to the surfaces as well. Reverse displays some porosity but very well defined and a little less glossy than the obverse. rv Salus feeds snake rising from altar.